Peking University Health Science Center (PUHSC) is located in Xueyuan Rd., Haidian District, a cultural area with many universities. It is in the center of the well-known Zhong Guan Cun Hi-Tech Zone. PUHSC is a well-structured, multi-disciplined comprehensive medical education palace with a long history.
The history of PUHSC can be traced back to as early as the beginning of the 20th century. In 1903 the government of Qing Dynasty established the Medical Clinic at the Royal Capital Higher Educational Institute. The next year it was moved into a new place renovated from the Xingsheng Temple at Bajiaoliulijing, Hepingmen Wai. This clinic closed after 4 years of existence in 1907, and it was purchased by the Medical Bureau (the counterpart of Health Department then) in 1910, providing a good foundation for the establishment of the first national public medical school several years later in China.
The 1911 Revolution overthrew the Qing Dynasty and founded the Republic of China. With the fashion of learning from the West growing then, western medicine gained more recognition in China. In September 1912, the Ministry of Education summoned Mr. Tang Erhe, a famous professor of histology trained in Japan who was busy preparing for the establishment of Zhejiang Provincial Medical School, to come to Beijing to plan for the establishment of a national medical school. The Ministry of Education bought the estate of the Medical Clinic at the price of 10,000 taels of silver and gave it to the new medical school. On October 16th, the Ministry of Education appointed Tang Erhe as the President of Peking Medical School. Thus the first national school of western medicine was formally established, having nine staff members with the first admission of 72 students.
In the decades after its foundation Peking Medical School struggled through the unsteady years of wars and social turmoil. In the 1930s, it was renamed as Peking University Medical School, and was incorporated into Peking University in 1940s
In July 1946, Peking University was re-established in Peking and Professor Hu Shi was appointed as its president. Under his presidency, the No.6 Preparatory Class and the Affiliated Hospital that survived the Anti-Japanese War were restructured to form the Peking University Medical School. Dr.Ma Wenzhao, professor of anatomy, Dr.Shen Junqi, professor of physiology, and Dr.Hu Chuankui, professor of dermatology served as the deans successively in the following years. Dr.Hu was also the chief executive officer of the affiliated hospital (known as Beida Hospital).
In 1952, with the restructuring of higher education system of new China, Peking University Medical School was separated from Peking University and became an independent college named as Beijing Medical College, Dr. Hu Chuankui being its first president. Under the new system, the Ministry of Health became the governing body and funding authority of Beijing Medical College. It was then the college moved to the present address, No.38 Xueyuan Rd.. Thereafter, it began to develop rapidly.
In 1959,Beijing Medical College was recognized as one of China’s 16 key universities.
In 1984, the State Council approved 10 institutions for priority development. Among them, Beijing Medical College was the only medical institution. Prof. Ma Xu was its president at this time.
In 1985, the college was renamed as Beijing Medical University(BMU) with Dr. Qu Mianyu, professor in sports medicine, as the president.
In the Mid-1990s, the Chinese government completed its reorientation for higher education and worked out its reform guidelines. As a result, the “211 Higher Education Development Project” was put forward to advocate priority development of about 100 higher educational institutions so that they can rank among the top universities in the world. BMU successfully completed the national assessment process and was accredited on Augest 28th, 1996, as one of the first few institutions qualified for the “211 Project.” From 1991 to April 2000, BMU was presidented by the distinguished hematologist, Dr. Wang Debing.
On April 3rd,2000, BMU was again incorporated into Peking University. And on May 4th, it was formally renamed Peking University Health Science Center, and Dr. Han Qide, professor of pathophysiology and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was entitled the President of PUHSC.
With 95 years’ development, PUHSC has built a unique campus culture that advocates diligence, rigor, objectivity and creativity. And the faculty and graduates of PUHSC are known for their devotion to the country and to the health profession. With the strong support of the central government, this first public medical school of China will continue to offer quality medical education to the Chinese health care system. Its highest goal is, with all its heart and all its might, to create an internationally recognized medical institute of excellence and to offer first-class medical education for the health of all human beings.
PUHSC offers a full range of courses for 8 specialties including basic medical sciences, clinical medicine, preventive medicine, stomatology, pharmacy, nursing, medical laboratory diagnosis and biomedical English. It has 47 accredited doctoral programs and 59 master programs. In addition to offering undergraduate and graduate programs, it also plays an active role in continuing education. PUHSC hosts 6 postdoctoral programs.
PUHSC has 6 schools, namely, School of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Public Health, School of Nursing, School of Distance Education, and Faculty of Foundation Education.
PUHSC has 8 university hospitals, namely, the First School of Clinical Medicine (Beida Hospital), the Second School of Clinical Medicine (the People’s Hospital), the Third School of Clinical Medicine (the Third Hospital), Institute of Mental Health (the Sixth Hospital), School of Stomatology(the Dental Hospital), School of Oncology (Beijing Tumor Hospital), Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Peking University Shougang Hospital.In addition, 13 hospitals in Beijing serve as teaching hospitals.
PUHSC now has an enrollment of more than 10000 students, including 1082 doctoral students, 1962 master program students, 3115 undergraduates, 537 junior college students, 3500 adult learning program students, and 549 international students.
PUHSC has developed 20 disciplines that have gained national recognition. Besides, it has 1 national key laboratory, 11 ministry-level key laboratories, During the period of 1993-2004,PUHSC has assumed some national key program of different projects as “the Eighth Five-Year Budget Period Research Project ”, “the Ninth Five-Year Budget Period Research Project ”,”863 Project”, and ”973 Project”, and has received more than 1000 grant supports from various domestic foundations. It produced satisfactory outcomes, winning 30 prizes for excellent researches at national, ministry, or provincial levels, and the publications of the researches are widely cited . PUHSC has been ranking the first in receiving research grants from the National Natural Science Foundation for the past 11 years.
Knowing that teaching force is the most important for quality education, PUHSC has always attached great importance to intellects development, providing best environment to attract intellects. As a result, there have been a great many prestigious and dedicated specialists and professors, young or old, working for PUHSC.
Since the incorporation with Peking University on April 3, 2000, PUHSC has been adhering to the principles of “To seek truth from facts” and “Development is top priority”, and adopting the management system under the guidance of “Combining central and department leadership and integrating them gradually”. PUHSC takes the advantage of comprehensive disciplines after its incorporation, and keeps discipline development, promoting medical education reform and scientific research and making efforts for the improvement of infrastructure facilities. PUHSC has adopted the education model of 8-year program for medicine (leading to MD or Ph.D degrees), 7-year program for preventive medicine (leading to MS degrees), established Biomedicine Cross-discipline Research Centers, devoted efforts for the integration of Medical disciplines , Sciences and Humanities, and established many inter-disciplinary research centers that combine Basic Medical Sciences with Clinical Medicine.
PUHSC, the first Medical Institution of Western medicine founded by Chinese Government, is developing rapidly in the new era, with its academic atmosphere of “Diligence, Rigor, Objectivity, and Creativity” and its ethos of “Firm political orientation, truth seeking in study and devotion in service”. In the process of building an outstanding university in the world, PUHSC, with the strong support of the central government, will attain its final goal: institute and offer first-class medical education with all its heart and all its might .